Call for Papers, Congress Waste, Lyon 20 - 21 June 2019
What place for recycling and recovery in the ecological and energy transition?
Title of the communication: Waste recycling and sustainable city in rural development context
Dr DROH Rusticot, Head of Research, Development and Innovation Department, MoonLoop CI, firstname.lastname@example.org
LAGO Yvon, Researcher, Research, Development and Innovation Department, MoonLoop CI, email@example.com
DROH Agostino, Manager, MoonLoop CI, firstname.lastname@example.org
Household waste management is becoming more and more prominent in the ecological and energy transition. According to a 2016 World Bank report, "The management of household waste is a universal problem that affects every inhabitant of the planet. But because more than 90% of the waste burned or dumped in landfills is in low-income countries, it is the poor and the most vulnerable who pay the heaviest price. "
In addition, despite the efforts made by governments, private actors and development partners, waste is at the root of ocean contamination, obstruction of drainage channels and floods, diseases, respiratory problems due to the burning of garbage in the open air, the death of animals, etc. This situation has a negative impact on the economic, social and environmental and even sustainable development of these different countries. According to the World Bank report, low-income countries collect about 48% of garbage in cities and only 26% in rural areas, and only recycle 4% of garbage.
For Charnay (2005), in developing countries, most of the household waste is dumped, most often uncontrolled or scattered in the streets, undeveloped land, etc. In Côte d'Ivoire, especially household waste management has been changing in recent years. These changes are mainly reflected in the modification of its waste treatment system, particularly in the city of Abidjan, with the reinforcement of sanitation equipment in the district and the commissioning of a recovery and landfill centre. in the framework of the Clean Country Project since November 2018. Able to manage 90% of the waste in the long term, i.e. 1 250 000 tonnes of waste over the seven years of delegation, this centre seems far from being able to manage effectively around 3 000 000 tonnes of waste produced by households across the country. Also, this safety device incorporates very little or not at all the issue of sorting waste from households. A situation that puts more emphasis on issues related to sorting, collection and recovery of waste in both urban and rural areas despite the economic, health and environmental benefits they present. Indeed, the recovery of waste could increase the production of compost for a more sustainable agriculture, allow the manufacture of several objects, significantly reduce the greenhouse gas, etc.
This communication intends to lay the foundations of a community development project focused on innovative recovery of household waste in both urban and rural areas to enrich the various contributions for the implementation of the project. Thus, at the end of a situational study (documentary research, semi-directed interviews, focus group and questionnaires ...) on the issue of waste management in general and in social and local contexts in particular, the objective is to contribute by proposing innovative models for the treatment and recovery of waste from households through integrated devices in homes.
Being in the pilot phase in a rural locality of the Ivory Coast, these meetings, exchanges and experiences will contribute to remove several equivocations notably those related to the deepening of the evaluation of the conditions of feasibility, the analysis of the techniques and technologies to use, analysis of treatment processes according to type of waste, etc.
Keywords: Waste recycling, sustainable city, rural development, Ivory Coast
 World Bank report, "Waste: what a mess 2.0": an updated inventory of the issues of waste management, 2016
 CHARNAY F., 2005, Composting Urban Waste in Developing Countries: Developing a Methodological Approach for Sustainable Compost Production. Doctoral thesis. University of Limoges, 277 p
 These data come from the Ivorian Ministry of Sanitation and Sanitation and published in September 2018