HOUSING CRISIS : THE SUFFERING OF POPULATIONS TO FIND A ROOF OVER THEIR HEADS IN ABIDJAN (IVORY COAST)
Since the advent of the military-political crisis in Côte d'Ivoire in September 2002, the housing crisis has deepened in the country. In 2020 it is still as difficult as ever for people to find a roof over their heads in Abidjan, in spite of initiatives taken to address the problem.
This difficulty in finding housing is partly due to a gap between housing supply and demand across the country, with a shortfall of 400,000 homes in 2012 compared to 600,000 in 2018 according to the Centre for Affordable Housing Finance in Africa (CAHF). With an annual production capacity of 3,000 housing units in Côte d'Ivoire, the annual need is estimated at 40,000 units, including 20,000 for the district of Abidjan. Statistics from the international forum of economic and standing social housing (Filoses 2018), indicate that despite the construction of more than 8,000 new homes from 2012 to 2015 under the social housing program initiated by the Ivorian authorities in 2012, the structural deficit is 60,000 homes per year.
This situation has led the government to strengthen its national policy of massive construction of social housing, which envisages the production of between 150,000 and 25,000 new housing units by 2020.
In addition to the social housing programme, which contributes to the revival of the real estate sector in Côte d'Ivoire, real estate developers also offer services (lease-purchase) in this regard. Unfortunately, the practices of some of them amount to forms of "abuse", in particular the increase in financial charges for renting despite the legislation in force which sets the deposit and the advance payment at 4 months.
In addition, homeowners use ethnic, religious or political criteria when allocating housing. This limits access to housing.
In conclusion, in order to solve the housing problem in Côte d'Ivoire, it would be necessary to adapt the building and housing code to the current housing needs of the population and, above all, to ensure their application. In addition, the use of innovative solutions such as information and communication technologies in the construction and the search for housing appears to be a determining tool in this era of digitalization.