Sustainable school infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa
The global commitment to quality education seems undeniable.
In Ivory Coast since the start of the 2015-2016 school year, schooling is mandatory for all children between the ages of 6 to 16. In addition, a study shows that high quality infrastructure facilitates better teaching, enhances learning achievement and reduces drop-out....
However, in sub-Saharan Africa there is a wide disparity between urban and rural areas in terms of school infrastructure. Overall, educational conditions are bad because of the precarious infrastructure and facilities, in 2017, 25,150 children were unable to attend school, 89% of whom were unable to do so due to insufficient capacity. There is a real overcrowding of classes, sometimes reaching more than 100 students per class compared to 45 to 55 students on average per class.
Fortunately, organizations (governmental or non-governmental) are setting up school infrastructure construction using local materials, particularly clay, which would ultimately have a positive impact on the situation of school infrastructure and the overall achievement of educational and ecological objectives.
Clay as the main building material would have several advantages such as a reduction in construction costs, an ecological aspect due to its low CO2 emission, and finally it would create an employment opportunity for young people (labour and local expertise).
In conclusion, for an improvement, it would be necessary to review mainly the policies on school infrastructure. This requires appropriate regulation and promotion of buildings based on local materials, which are generally less expensive, more ecological and fairly close to local realities.